Photo Credit: Creative Commons/Drmarathe
The importance of agriculture has been losing its importance over the time, but still it has been offering employment to major population of Goans. Most of the agricultural products though imported from Karnataka or Maharashtra, paddy crops form a major outcome of the agriculture fields. Other crops grown on Goa’s soil are ragi, maize, jowar, bajra and pulses and fruits like mangoes, coconuts, cashews, and jackfruits.
After tourism if any industry requires a mention, then it’s the mining industry in Goa. Goa is a leading producer and exporter of iron ore, manganese, bauxite, high magnesia, limestone and clay. Portugal controlled the mining industry during its hey days, but after the state being liberated the mines were rented out to private owners which is still the rule. These important mines are located mostly in northern and eastern parts of Goa, while the Marmagoa Port handling the majority of these mines extracts. But uncontrolled mining is leading to destruction of forests and posing health dangers to the workers at the mine.
Photo Credit: Creative Commons/AaronC's Photos
Fishery till recent times employed a lot of people because it was dependent on traditional methods of fishing. But with technological advancements in the fishing industry like trawling, goans are trying to break forth from their long-established occupation.
Other industries which make noteworthy contributions to the economy are animal husbandry, pesticides, fertilizers, tyres and tubes, iron ore pellets, foot wear, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, sugar, wheat products, steel rolling, fruits and fish canning, cashew nuts, textiles, manufacture of wood, crafts, brass, pottery, handloom, leather, bamboo crafts and brewery products.